The Meaning of the Amendment 1: Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion and Petition! This is for all the people not for USA or people who are just too Dumb and or Lazy to look this up! Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.First Amendment: Freedom of Speech (1791) This clause prohibits the government from banning speech because it does not agree with the message. The Founders saw free speech as a natural right. In Federalist No. 10, James Madison pointed to freedom of speech as a vital aspect of a healthy republic. While originally written to apply to actions of the federal government, the Supreme Court incorporated it into state governments through the Fourteenth Amendment in the case Gitlow v. New York (1925) The English Bill of Rights includes a precursor to the First Amendment’s protection of free speech, but while the English Bill of Rights provided for free speech in Parliament, the First Amendment expanded the protection to an individual right of all citizens. The Alien and Sedition Acts, which outlawed any speech that was critical of government, presented the first challenge to freedom of speech in the early republic. Supreme Court cases centering on freedom of speech include Tinker v. Des Moines (1969), Bethel v. Fraser (1986), and Texas v. Johnson (1989). Freedom of speech in a self-governing society demands that citizen’s act. People like Frederick Douglass, Mary Beth Tinker and Martin Luther King, Jr. have all exercised and fought for the right to freedom of speech. THIS PROVE THAT I CAN SAID WHAT EVER I WANT ALSO AS WE ARE NOT IN WAR TIME! THANK YOU FOR WASTE TIME WITH SHIT U ALL SHOULD KNOW BY NOW! #YOURWELCOME!